Thursday, June 26, 2014
“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, cellphones, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated...” Perhaps I'll have my Criminal Justice students build a “Get a Warrant!” App.
'Get a warrant' to search cellphones, Justices say
In an emphatic defense of privacy in the digital age, a unanimous Supreme Court ruled Wednesday that police generally may not search the cellphones of people they arrest without first getting search warrants.
Cellphones are unlike anything else police may find on someone they arrest, Chief Justice John Roberts wrote for the court. They are "not just another technological convenience," he said, but ubiquitous, increasingly powerful computers that contain vast quantities of personal, sensitive information.
"With all they contain and all they may reveal, they hold for many Americans the privacies of life," Roberts declared.
(On the other hand) If he refuses, is he automatically guilty of whatever crime he is charged with? Do they lock him up until he complies? What is proper?
Elizabeth Barber reports:
Police can order an accused criminal to decrypt his computer without violating his constitutional right against self-incrimination, Massachusetts’ top court said on Wednesday.
In the latest U.S. ruling on the contentious issue, the 5-2 ruling by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court reverses a lower court’s finding that police could not force Leon Gelfgatt, charged with mortgage fraud, to decrypt four computers seized in an investigation, since doing so would violate his Fifth Amendment right.
The court found that since Gelfgatt had told investigators that the computer belonged to him and that he had the encryption key, police could compel him to decrypt his files.
Read more on Reuters.
Sometimes you win, sometimes the justices make a HUGE error. I don't see how Aereo is like a cable system other than the very early “community antenna” services. But here's a potential business opportunity. What if I buy the antennas from Aereo and put them in stand-alone boxes. Then I sell the boxes to individuals who can grab over the air signals and send them to their computer.
Supreme Court Rules Against Aereo, a TV Streaming Service
… The 6 to 3 decision handed a major victory to the broadcast networks, which argued that Aereo’s business model was no more than a high-tech approach for stealing their content.
… Justice Stephen G. Breyer, writing for the majority, said the service was “not simply an equipment provider,” but acted like a cable system in that it transmitted copyrighted content. “Insofar as there are differences,” he wrote, “those differences concern not the nature of the service that Aereo provides so much as the technological manner in which it provides the service.”
… In a dissent that expressed distaste for Aereo’s business model, Justice Antonin Scalia said that the service had nevertheless identified a loophole in the law. “It is not the role of this court to identify and plug loopholes,” he wrote. “It is the role of good lawyers to identify and exploit them, and the role of Congress to eliminate them if it wishes.”
… Chet Kanojia, Aereo’s founder and chief executive, said that Aereo had worked to create a technology that complied with the law. “Today’s decision clearly states that how the technology works does not matter,” he said.
… Subscribers to Aereo paid $8 to $12 a month to rent one of the start-up’s dime-size antennas that captured over-the-air television signals. Users then could watch near-live TV and record programs on major broadcast networks such as ABC, CBS, NBC and Fox.
In combination with other Internet services like Netflix and Hulu, it could provide much of a viewer’s television diet at a fraction of the cost of a cable or satellite television bill.
… The case, ABC Inc. v. Aereo, No. 13-461, turned on a part of the copyright law that requires the permission of copyright owners for “public performances” of their work. The law defines such performances to include retransmission to the public.
Aereo had argued that its transmissions were private performances because it assigned an individual antenna to every viewer, but Justice Breyer rejected that argument as well.
Aereo and the Strange Case of Broadcasters Who Don’t Want to Be Broadcast
Right now, my Ethical hackers have to go state by state. Imagine how much easier this will be when the Feds have all the data in one place!
Montana Health Department Hacked
Hackers breached a server in the State of Montana's Department of Public Health and Human Services, prompting officials to notify 1.3 million people of the incident.
There is no evidence this information was used inappropriately -- or even accessed -- but the state is offering free credit monitoring and identity protection insurance to potentially affected individuals, said Richard Opper, DPHHS director. Montana also is alerting family members of deceased patients.
Officials discovered the breach after an independent forensic investigation determined a DPHHS server had been hacked. The department ordered the May 22 investigation from Kroll after DPHHS officials first noticed "suspicious activity" on May 15, Jon Ebelt, DPHHS public information officer, told InformationWeek.
Perhaps I could get access to the requests and publish them (and archived web pages). I'll call my site, “Hey! Look what this guy's trying to hide!”
Google removes first search results after EU ruling
… Google received over 41,000 requests over four days after it put up an online form allowing Europeans to request that search results be removed.
We may be teaching classes on how to do this. It's really quite simple.
How Police Are Scanning All Of Twitter To Detect Terrorist Threats
When Boston officials decided to monitor Twitter during this year's marathon, they didn't scan the site's 500 million daily posts for signs of trouble.
Dataminr did that for them.
The company's software sorts through millions of tweets for clues about major events or emerging threats, flagging mentions of everything from fires to suspicious packages and sending real-time alerts to customers.
… Dataminr is one of several companies marketing such products to police departments. A company called BrightPlanet is selling a tool called Blue Jay that allows law enforcement officers to listen to what gang members say on Twitter and track their movements. The FBI is also building its own application to monitor social media posts for words like "bomb," "suspicious package" and "white powder."
… "The problem is if you don't have a specific law enforcement purpose for using the monitoring tools," said Keenan. "Why are you monitoring tweets? What type of information are you going to be collecting? How long are you going to retain it? That has to be addressed before you employ the technology."
… Bailey said Dataminr customers can only use the software to track major events on Twitter and can't use it to single out individuals or anti-government tweets. He added that Dataminr customers can't store tweets permanently. [We can fix those problems. Bob]
(Related) Hey, it's for your own good! (As determined by us)
So no sooner do I post Dr. Deborah Peel’s talk about commercial entities data-mining and selling our information, then Joe Cadillic sends me a link to an article by Shannon Pettypiece and Jordan Robertson of Bloomberg:
You may soon get a call from your doctor if you’ve let your gym membership lapse, made a habit of picking up candy bars at the check-out counter or begin shopping at plus-sized stores.
That’s because some hospitals are starting to use detailed consumer data to create profiles on current and potential patients to identify those most likely to get sick, so the hospitals can intervene before they do.
Information compiled by data brokers from public records and credit card transactions can reveal where a person shops, the food they buy, and whether they smoke. The largest hospital chain in the Carolinas is plugging data for 2 million people into algorithms designed to identify high-risk patients, while Pennsylvania’s biggest system uses household and demographic data. Patients and their advocates, meanwhile, say they’re concerned that big data’s expansion into medical care will hurt the doctor-patient relationship and threaten privacy.
The kind of quote you want to use in your advertising. I wonder if that was part of the contract? (Or if they want more targets to use an easily accessible service?)
SHOCKER: CIA CIO CAN confirm that AWS cloud safe for big government
In an eyebrow raising presentation the chief information officer for the US's foreign spying wing, the CIA, has praised the cloud computing capabilities of Amazon Web Services and said the agency wants to expand its use of the company's tech.
CIA CIO Doug Wolfe spoke at an event in Washington on Tuesday where he said he was confident the spy group would "end up in a very good quality product, and a very secure product," after awarding a procurement contract to the company worth as much as $600m.
… "You're going to start seeing exactly what your consumption cost, and start understanding exactly how server storage processing, et cetera, was applied to the problem. So we see this as a tremendous opportunity to sharpen our focus and be very efficient." [Information you get from analyzing your logs. Anyone could do it. Bob]
See? Anyone can do it!
16 Year Old Coder Launches Browser Extension That Reveals Congressional Campaign Financing
by Sabrina I. Pacifici on Jun 25, 2014
“A free browser extension for Chrome, Firefox, and Safari that exposes the role money plays in Congress. Displays on any web page detailed campaign contribution data for every Senator and Representative, including total amount received and breakdown by industry and by size of donation. Puts vital data where it’s most relevant so you can discover the real impact of money on our political system. A free browser extension for Chrome, Firefox, and Safari that exposes the role money plays in Congress. Displays on any web page detailed campaign contribution data for every Senator and Representative, including total amount received and breakdown by industry and by size of donation. Puts vital data where it’s most relevant so you can discover the real impact of money on our political system.”
For my Statistics students. (I just love reading about standard deviation...)
For PGA Players, Driving Now Beats Putting as the Most Lucrative Skill
As golf courses used by the Professional Golfers’ Association have changed in recent years—with the fairways getting longer, the grass height in the rough being cut shorter, and the cups being shifted to locations that are harder to reach—driving has replaced putting as the professional golfer’s top money-making skill, according to a study by Carson D. Baugher and Jonathan P. Day of Western Illinois University and Elvin W. Burford Jr. of Junior’s Shaft Shack in Forest, Virginia. Previous studies showed that putting was a player’s most lucrative capability, but drawing on recent PGA Tour data, the researchers found that a 1-standard-deviation increase in driving distance would have boosted a player’s earnings by an average of $671,779.15 in 2013, whereas the same relative increase in putting skills would have raised his earnings by just $510,195.91. Iron, chipping, and sand skills remain significantly less important than driving and putting.
For my students.
5 Easy Tools To Listen To Online Radio Stations On Windows